In the robotic treatment technologies, virtual reality, specially designed games, and graphic images are also used for the development of the targeted functions and to increase the motivation and participation of the patients.
The robotic gait and computer-assisted balance training, robotic hand-arm systems are often integrated with virtual reality. These systems enable also the recording and monitoring of the development in patients.
The robotic gait systems can be grouped as passive gait robots (robotic bed) and advanced active assisted gait robots.
One of the leading companies is Hocoma. Hocoma is the pioneer of the robotic physiotherapy and rehabilitation systems in the world and it is still the leading company although there are domestic companies producing similar devices. Lokomat Pro with free D is currently the most advanced gait robot with functions close to the physiological gait. Erigo Pro is a uncommon system in the robotic bed – robotic-assisted upright posture and gait system field.
The robotic bed (early phase passive assisted gait robot – Erigo Pro) is a rehabilitation device, which enables the switch of the patient to the gradual upright posture in the early phase and supports the passive gait. It helps the patient to stand up as quickly as possible after the intensive care and surgery periods. Thus, problems depending on prolonged lying like persistent hypotension, decubitus, vasculitis, obstruction due to the clotting, atrophy of the gait center in the brain, shortening and stiffness in the joints and muscles can be alleviated. During the treatment with robotic bed, the patient should be encouraged to stay upright considering of blood pressure, heart rate, cardiovascular diseases, and state of consciousness. The passive gait training is simultaneously initiated to prevent the stiffness and limitation in the joints.